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Silene noctiflora L.

Species Plantarum 1: 419 1753 , 1753
ID: 81 | IPNI
Type: ,
=Silene orientalis Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 10. 1768 [16 Apr 1768] , 1858(Silene orientalis Mill. in Gard. Dict., ed. 8., 10. 1768, was in the past listed in the synonymy with A. compactum (e.g., Rohrbach, 1869, Ascherson & Gräbner, 1929). The type material of S. orientalis Mill. was not found (in BM and LINN), but Tournefourt’s species “Lychnis orientalis, longifolia nervosa, flore purpurascente” cited in the synonymy with S. orientalis Mill. is actually S. noctiflora L. (P00666300!).) ==Melandrium noctiflorum (L.) Fr., Bot. Not. (1843) 143, 1843==Elisanthe noctiflora Rupr., Fl. Ingric. i. 161. , 1860==Melandrium intrusum (Wight & Arn.) Rohrb., Monog. Silene, 233. , 1869 Basionym: Silene intrusa Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 42. 1834 [10 Oct 1834] , Type: ,
= Silene orientalis Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 10. 1768 [16 Apr 1768] , 1768 Type: BM , holo


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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene noctiflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 419. 1753. “𪮔¨◊”≤› ye hua ying zi cao Elisanthe noctiflora (Linnaeus) Ruprecht; Melandrium noctiflorum (Linnaeus) Fries. Herbs annual, 30–50(–90) cm tall, densely shortly pubescent. Primary root slightly lignified. Stems erect, simple or sparsely branched, apically glandular hairy. Basal leaves long elliptic-obovate, 5–11 × 2–4 cm, both surfaces villous, midvein and lateral veins prominent, base attenuate into short petiole, half clasping, apex acute; distal leaves subsessile, narrowly elliptic or lanceolate. Dichasial cymes few flowered, glandular hairy; flowers bisexual, ca. 1.5 cm in diam. Pedicel erect, shorter than calyx; bracts lanceolate, glandular hairy. Calyx tubular, 2–2.5(–3) cm × ca. 5 mm, glandular hairy, inflated and ellipsoid at late anthesis, slightly constricted at apex; longitudinal veins 10, violet, reticulate; calyx teeth narrowly lanceolate, 8–10 mm. Androgynophore ca. 2 mm. Petals ca. 2.5 cm; claws slightly exserted beyond calyx, narrowly oblanceolate, glabrous, auricles triangular; limbs pale pink, yellowish below, obovate, ca. 6 mm, deeply bifid to 1/2 to 2/3 of limbs; lobes entire or slightly erose, inrolled at daylight; coronal scales ovoid, small, 2–4-toothed. Stamens included; filaments glabrous. Styles 3, slightly exserted. Capsule ovoid, 1.5–1.8 cm, shorter than persistent calyx. Seeds dark brown, reniform, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Jul–Aug. 2n = 24. Grasslands; 1300–1800 m. Xinjiang [Kazakstan, Russia; SW Asia, Europe].


Comment: The illustration of SIlene intrusa in clearly does not fit S. colorata, but does fit S. noctiflora. However, historical collections at G labelled S. intrusa match S. colorata

Superordinate taxon: Silene sect. Elisanthe (Fenzl) Fenzl (ID: 802)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered

17 Sequence(s):

37 specimen(s):


TDWG 3 regions:

External data:

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