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Silene caespitella F.N.Williams

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. xxxviii. 403 (1909). , 1909
ID: 212 | IPNI
Type: Dungboo 1110, 1111; King’s collector 1210, 164 (P!), 1115; Younghusband 213; Walton 118 (BM!), 1114, 1108 (left-hand specimen), Dungboo 27.VI.1878 LE , syn
=Melandrium xainzaense L.H.Zhou, Fl. Xizang. 1: 718 (1983). , 1983==Melandrium neocaespitosum Y.W.Tsui ex L.H.Zhou, Fl. Xizang. 1: 720 (1983). , 1983 Basionym: Silene maheshwarii Bocquet, Candollea xxii. 4 (1967). , 1967 Type: Tibet, Thomson S , iso


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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene caespitella F. N. Williams, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 38: 403. 1909. ¥‘…˙”¨◊”≤› cong sheng ying zi cao Melandrium neocaespitosum Y. W. Tsui ex L. H. Zhou; M. xainzaense L. H. Zhou; Silene maheshwarii Bocquet. Plants 13–40(–60) cm tall. Roots robust, vertical, lignified. Stems caespitose, erect, green, shortly retrorse-pubescent throughout. Basal and proximal cauline leaves green on both surfaces, linear, 4–7(–10) cm × 2–5 mm, margin ciliate, midvein prominent, hairy only at veins or glabrous, base narrow, apex acute; distal leaves 3 or 4 pairs, sessile, linear, gradually reduced upwards. Flowers to 20, in an irregular thyrsoid with long-and shortly stalked (1–)3–5-flowered cymules, sharply nutant, becoming erect in late anthesis. Pedicel short. Calyx narrowly cylindric-campanulate, soon becoming broader as capsule swells, 5–7 × 2.5–3 mm, rounded at base, open at apex, weakly hairy, veins dark green to blackish red; teeth triangular, ca. 2.5 mm, margin membranous, ciliate, apex acute. Androgynophore ca. 1 mm, sparsely villous. Petals exserted 1–2 mm beyond calyx, dark red, rarely greenish white; claws cuneate, ca. 6 mm, glabrous at base, conspicuously auriculate (2.5–3 mm wide at apex); auricles ciliate; limb 1–2 mm, shallowly bifid, usually with small lateral lobes; coronal scales small. Stamens included. Styles included. Capsule globose, ca. 8 mm, slightly longer than calyx. Seeds gray, globose-reniform, ca. 0.8 mm, minutely tuberculate. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Aug–Sep. Alpine forests, alpine meadows; 2500–5100 m. SE Qinghai, SW and W Sichuan, S and SE Xizang [Bhutan, Kashmir]. This species is closely related to Silene nepalensis, from which it differs in its linear leaves and smaller flowers. Silene caespitella is a very homogeneous species throughout its range.


Comment:

Superordinate taxon: Silene unranked Asiae mediae (ID: 812)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered

14 Sequence(s):

155 specimen(s):


TDWG 3 regions:

External data:

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