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Silene himalayensis (Edgew.) Majumdar

Journ. Ind. Bot. Soc. xlii. 648 (1964). , 1964
ID: 189 | IPNI
== Silene gonosperma subsp. himalayensis (Rohrb.) Bocquet, , ==Melandrium macrorhizum (Royle, ex Benth.) Walpers, , ==Melandrium qomolangmaense Y.W.Tsui & P.Ke ex L.H.Zhou, Fl. Xizang. 1: 713 (1983). , 1983==Lychnis madens Jacquem. ex Edgew. & Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] 1: 223. 1874 [Jan 1874] , 1874==Lychnis himalayensis Edgew., Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] i. 223. , 1874
= Melandrium apertum Pax & K.Hoffm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 362. 1922 , 1922 Type: ,
= Melandrium souliei F.N.Williams, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 429. 1899 [1898-1900 publ. 1899] , Type: Soulié n. 820 (K!), 1893, G , iso
=Melandrium himalayense (Rohrb.) Y.Z.Zhao, in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae, 16(4): 585 (1985):. , 1985 Basionym: Melandrium apetalum var. himalayense Rohrb., Linnaea 36: 220, 1869 Type: India, G , lecto
= Lychnis apetala var. pallida Edgew. & Hook.f., , Type: Henderson K , lecto


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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene himalayensis (Rohrbach) Majumdar, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 648. 1964. œ≤¬Ì¿≠—≈”¨◊”≤› xi ma la ya ying zi cao Melandrium apetalum (Linnaeus) Fenzl var. himalayense Rohrbach, Linnaea 36: 220. 1869; Lychnis apetala Linnaeus var. pallida Edgeworth & J. D. Hooker; L. himalayensis (Rohrbach) Edgeworth & J. D. Hooker; L. macrorhiza Royle ex Bentham; M. apertum Pax & K. Hoffmann; M. himalayense (Rohrbach) Y. Z. Zhao; M. macrorhizum (Royle ex Bentham) Walpers; M. qomolangmaense Y. W. Tsui & P. Ke ex L. H. Zhou; M. souliei F. N. Williams; Silene gonosperma (Ruprecht) Bocquet subsp. himalayensis (Rohrbach) Bocquet; S. madens Majumdar. Herbs perennial, 20–80 cm tall. Roots robust. Stems sparsely clustered or solitary, erect, slender, simple, pubescent, apically sparsely glandular hairy. Basal leaves narrowly oblanceolate, 4–10 cm × 4–10 mm, both surfaces pubescent to subglabrous, margin ciliate, base attenuate into petiole, apex acuminate, rarely acute; cauline leaves 3–6 pairs, oblanceolate or linear-lanceolate, base cuneate or attenuate. Flowers 3–7, slightly nutant. Pedicel 1–5 cm, slender, densely pubescent, sparsely glandular hairy; bracts linear-lanceolate, herbaceous, hairy. Calyx ovoid-campanulate, 1–1.2 cm, closed in fruit, densely pubescent, glandular hairy, veins violet, anastomosing and broadly confluent above; calyx teeth triangular, margin membranous, ciliate, apex obtuse. Androgynophore ca. 1 mm. Petals not or slightly exserted beyond calyx, dark red, ca. 1 cm; claws cuneate, glabrous, auricles not obvious; limbs shallowly bifid at apex; coronal scales small. Stamens included; filaments glabrous. Styles included. Capsule ovoid, 8–10 mm, shorter than persistent calyx, 10-toothed. Seeds brown, orbicular, flat, ca. 1.5 mm in diam. including wing. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Jun–Aug. Brush, alpine meadows; 2000–5000 m. Hebei, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Afghanistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim]. This species is distinct from Silene gonosperma by its more floriferous inflorescence and smaller, more inflated calyx with peculiar venation.


Comment:

Superordinate taxon: Silene unranked Asiae mediae (ID: 812)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered

26 Sequence(s):

143 specimen(s):


TDWG 3 regions:

External data:

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