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Silene gonosperma (Rupr.) Bocquet

Candollea xxii. 7 (1967). , 1967
ID: 188 | IPNI
== Gastrolychnis gonosperma (Rupr.) Czerep., Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 166 (1995):. , 1995 Basionym: Physolychnis gonosperma Rupr., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 7. xiv. (1869) n. 4 (Serl. Tianschan.). 41. , 1869 Type: ,
=Melandrium pumilum Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) i. 280. , 1842 Basionym: Lychnis pumila Royle ex Benth., in Royle, Illustr. Bot. Himal. 80. , 1839 Type: ,
= Silene gonosperma var. robusta Bocquet, , Type: G , holo


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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
52. Silene gonosperma (Ruprecht) Bocquet, Candollea 22(1): 7. 1967. “˛∞Í”¨◊”≤› yin ban ying zi cao Physolychnis gonosperma Ruprecht, Mém. Acad. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 7, 14(4): 41. 1869; Lychnis pumila Royle ex Bentham; Melandrium pumilum (Bentham) Walpers. Herbs perennial, 6–20 cm. Roots robust, multi-crowned. Stems sparsely caespitose or solitary, erect, simple, densely pubescent, apically glandular hairy. Basal leaves linear-oblanceolate, 3–6 cm × 4–8 mm, both surfaces pubescent, margin ciliate, base attenuate into petiole, apex obtuse or acute; cauline leaves 1–3 pairs, sessile, lanceolate, smaller. Flowers solitary, rarely 2 or 3, nutant. Pedicel 2–5 cm, densely glandular villous; bracts linear-lanceolate, sparsely ciliate. Calyx campanulate-spherical, 1.3–1.5 cm × 7–10 mm, base rounded, villous and glandular hairy; longitudinal veins dark violet, not cohering at apex; calyx teeth triangular, margin membranous, apex obtuse. Androgynophore ca. 1 mm. Petals included or rarely slightly exserted beyond calyx, dark violet; claws cuneate, eciliate, with orbicular auricles; limbs emarginate or shallowly bifid; coronal scales inconspicuous. Stamens included; filaments glabrous. Styles included. Capsule ellipsoid-ovoid, 1–1.2 cm, 10-toothed. Seeds brown, orbicular, flat, 1.5–2 mm in diam. including wing. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Aug. Alpine meadows; (1600–)3000–4400 m. Gansu, Hebei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang [C Asia]. Species nos. 52–80 belong to an informal group that approximates to Silene sect. Physolychnis (Bentham) Bocquet. A major difficulty in dealing with the plants in this group is the rather different appearance of the flowers at early anthesis compared with those at the fruiting stage. In some species the calyx swells considerably, and its pigmentation is dependent on exposure and individual variation. The arbitrary division between the “Physolychnis” group and the following “Odontopetalae” group (species nos. 81–90) is based solely on the number of styles, which poorly reflects natural relationships. The species of the “Physolychnis” group can be described as follows. Herbs perennial. Stems usually simple, erect to ascending. Basal leaves usually caespitose. Inflorescence a thyrse with very unequal branches, or flower solitary. Flowers hermaphroditic, usually nutant. Calyx often inflated, with 10 veins. Androgynophore short. Petals violet, red, or greenish white; claws with auricles; limbs included or exserted beyond calyx, slightly emarginate, 2- or 4-lobed; coronal scales obvious. Styles 5. Capsule 1-valved, (8 or)10-toothed, rarely 5-valved. Seeds abaxially either tuberculate, or with a broad wing, or (in Silene bungei) with long spinose papillae. The group is widespread in Asia, Europe, and North and South America.


Comment:

Superordinate taxon: Silene unranked Asiae mediae (ID: 812)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered

27 Sequence(s):

283 specimen(s):


TDWG 3 regions:

External data:

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