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Silene baccifera (L.) Roth

Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 192. 1788 [Feb-Apr 1788] , 1789
ID: 168 | IPNI
== Scribaea baccifera (L.) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 100. 1866, ==Lychnis baccifera Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 1: 306. 1771 , 1771==Viscago baccifera (L.) Vest, Man. Bot. 668. , 1805 Basionym: Cucubalus baccifer L., Sp. Pl. 1: 414. 1753 [1 May 1753] , 1753 Type: ,
=Cucubalus baccifer var. cavaleriei H.Léveillé, , ==Silene baccifera var. japonica (Miq.) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai, J. Jap. Bot., 71(5): 268, 1996==Lychnanthos volubilis S.G.Gmel., Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 14: I. 525. t. 17. f. 1., 1770 Basionym: Cucubalus kashmiriensis A.K.Skvortsov & Proskur., Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 81(4): 154. 1976 , 1976 Type: ,
= Cucubalus baccifer var. angustifolius L.H.Zhou, Fl. Xizang. 1: 709 (1983). , 1983 Type: ,
=Cucubalus japonicus (Miq.) Vorosch., in Bull. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS No. 38, 50 (1960). , ( C. baccifer var. japonicus.) Basionym: Cucubalus baccifer var. japonicus Miq., , Type: ,


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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene baccifera (Linnaeus) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 2(1): 491. 1789. ?? gou jin man Cucubalus baccifer Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 414. 1753; C. baccifer var. angustifolius L. H. Zhou; C. baccifer var. cava-leriei H. Léveillé; C. baccifer var. japonicus Miquel. Herbs perennial. Roots white, long fusiform, transverse section yellow. Stems and branches spreading, 50–150 cm. Petiole 3–5 mm; leaf blade ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or narrowly elliptic, 1.5–5(–13) × 0.8–2(–4) cm, papery, both surfaces hairy at veins, base attenuate, margin entire, ciliate, apex acuminate. Flower slightly nutant. Pedicel hairy. Calyx broadly campanu-late, 9–11 mm; calyx teeth ovate-triangular, nearly as long as tube, ciliolate, revolute in fruit. Petals oblanceolate, ca. 15 × 2.5 mm, claw long, narrow, limb 2-fid. Stamens and styles inclu-ded. Gynophore ca. 1.5 mm. Fruit globose, 6–8 mm. Seeds black, ca. 1.5 mm. Fl. Jun–Aug, fr. Jul–Oct. 2n = 24. Forest margins, scrub, grasslands. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guang-xi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xi-zang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Japan, Kashmir, Kazakstan, Korea, Nepal, Russia, Sikkim; Europe]. This species is used medicinally.


Comment: Cucubalus kashmiriensis is unresolved, but most probably is a synonym to S. baccifera (according to Flora iranicathe authours, hairs are longer and fruit form is different)

Superordinate taxon: Silene sect. Cucubalus (L.) Greuter (ID: 1028)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered

6 Sequence(s):

7 specimen(s):


TDWG 3 regions:

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