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Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke

Flora von Nord- und Mittel-Deutschland 1869 , 1869
ID: 167 | IPNI
Behen vulgaris Moench, Methodus (Moench) 709. 1794 [4 May 1794] , 1794 Type: ,
=Silene inflata var. vulgaris Turcz., , ==Cucubalus venosus Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. ii. 165. 1782 , 1782( =Silene Cucubalus.) ==Cucubalus latifolius Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 2. 1768 [16 Apr 1768] , 1768( =Silene Cucubalus.) ==Silene venosa Asch., Fl. Brandenb. i. 86. , 1860, nom. illeg.==Silene inflata Sm., Fl. Brit. 467. , 1800==Silene cucubalus Wibel, Prim. Fl. Werth. 241. 1799 , 1799 Basionym: Silene rupicola A.Huet ex Lojac., Fl. Sicul. (Lojacono) 3: 428. 1909 [1908 publ. 1909] , 1857 Type: ,
=Behenantha wallichiana (Klotzsch) Ikonn., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 12: 199, 1975==Oberna wallichiana (Klotzsch) Ikonn., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 120 (1976). , 1976 Basionym: Silene wallichiana Klotzsch, Bot. Ergebn. Reise Waldemar 139. 1862 [Jan 1862] , 1862 Type: ,
=Oberna behen (L.) Ikonn., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 119 (1976). , 1976 Basionym: Cucubalus behen L., Sp. Pl. 1: 414. 1753 [1 May 1753] , 1753 Type: ,
= Silene inflata var. rubriflora Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1:629, 1867 Type: , syn


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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, Fl. Nord-Mittel-Deut-schl. ed. 9: 46. 1869. ∞◊”Ò≤› bai yu cao Behen vulgaris Moench, Meth. Pl. 709. 1794; Cucubalus behen Linnaeus (1753), not Silene behen Linnaeus (1753); C. latifolius Miller; C. venosa Gilibert; S. cucubalus Wibel; S. inflata Smith; S. inflata var. vulgaris Turczaninow; S. venosa (Gilibert) Ascherson; ?S. wallichiana Klotzsch. Herbs perennial, grayish green, 40–100 cm tall, glabrous throughout. Roots slightly robust, lignified. Stems sparsely caespitose, erect, usually gray, apically branched. Leaves lan-ceolate to ovate, 4–10 × 1–3(–4.5) cm, proximal cauline leaves with prominent midvein, base attenuate, apex acuminate or acute; distal leaves cuneate, slightly clasping. Flowers usually in many flowered dichasia, sometimes in thyrsoid inflores-cences; flowers sometimes spreading or slightly nutant. Pedicel shorter than to ca. as long as calyx; bracts ovate-lanceolate, her-baceous. Calyx usually violet-tinged, broadly ovoid, inflated, 1.3–1.6 cm × 5–7 mm, submembranous, with 20 anastomosing veins; calyx teeth broadly triangular, short, ciliate. Androgyno-phore ca. 2 mm, glabrous. Petals 1.5–1.8 cm; claws cuneate-oblanceolate, glabrous, auricles ovoid; limbs exserted beyond calyx, white, obovate, deeply bifid to base of limb, lobes nar-rowly obovate; coronal scales small. Stamens and styles promi-nently exserted; filaments glabrous; anthers violet. Styles 3. Capsule subglobose, ca. 8 mm in diam., shorter than persistent calyx. Seeds globose-reniform, ca. 1.5 mm. Fl. Jun–Aug, fr. Aug–Sep. 2n = 24, 48. Meadows, brush; 200–2700 m. Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Xin-jiang, Xizang [India, Mongolia, Nepal; N Africa, SW Asia, Europe].


Comment:

Superordinate taxon: Silene sect. Behenantha Otth (ID: 803)

6 included taxa:

2 Sequence(s):

197 specimen(s):


TDWG 3 regions:

External data:

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