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Silene viscidula Franch.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 421. 1887 ; et Pl. Delav. (1889) 83, 1886
ID: 140 | IPNI
== Melandrium viscidulum F.N.Williams, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. xxxviii. 407 (1909). , 1909Type: China, Yun-nan, in umbrosis ad collum Pi-ou-se, supra Tapin-tze, alt. 2000 m.; fl. fr. 26 jul. 1883 (Delav. n. 1909), Delavay 1909 P , iso
=Silene mairei H.Léveillé, Bull. Geogr. Bot. 25: 13, 1915 Basionym: Silene bodinieri H.Léveillé, Feddes Repert. 10: 350, 1912 Type: ,
=Silene asclepiadea var. dumicola (W.W.Sm.) C.L.Tang, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 9(1): 28 (1987), 1987 Basionym: Silene dumicola W.W.Sm., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11: 222. 1920 , 1920 Type: China, Forrest 11229, label: Plant of 20-30 inches. Fls [?] white, margined pale rose. Open situations on the margins of thickets on the Yangpo mountains, Forrest 11229 BM , iso
=Melandrium lankongense Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. Pt. 7, 205 (1929). , 1929 Basionym: Silene lankongensis Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 421. 1887 ; et Pl. Delav. (1889) 83, 1886 Type: China, Yun-nan, ad collum Yen-tze-hay, secus viam a Lankong ad Song-koui ducentem, alt. 3200 m.; fl. 18 Sept. 1885 (Delav. n. 1912)K!, Delavay 1912 K , amb


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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene viscidula Franchet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 421. 1886. ’≥›‡”¨◊”≤› nian e ying zi cao Melandrium lankongense (Franchet) Handel-Mazzetti; M. viscidulum (Franchet) F. N. Williams; Silene asclepiadea Franchet var. dumicola (W. W. Smith) C. L. Tang); S. bodinieri H. Léveillé; S. dumicola W. W. Smith; S. lankongensis Franchet; S. mairei H. Léveillé. Herbs perennial, pubescent throughout. Roots clustered, dark brown, cylindric. Stems diffusely branched, to 80 cm, apically glandular hairy. Leaves elliptic, 3–6 cm, 1.5–2 _ as long as broad, both surfaces slightly tuberculate-scabrid or shortly pubescent, margin shortly ciliate, midvein prominent, base cuneate or attenuate into short petiole, apex acute. Dichasia large, the first internodes very long (often 5–10 cm), distally dense, densely glandular villous; flowers erect, 1–1.2 cm in diam. Pedicel of first flower ca. as long as or longer than calyx, pedicels of other flowers usually shorter than calyx; bracts ovate-lanceolate, herbaceous. Calyx campanulate, (6–)8–10 mm, densely glandular villous, base rounded, longitudinal veins violet; calyx teeth ovate-lanceolate, apex acute. Androgynophore 1–2 mm, glabrous, furrowed. Petals pale red, 1–2 cm, claws exserted 2–5 mm beyond calyx, oblanceolate, glabrous, auricles not prominent, limb bifid to ca. 1/2; lobes narrow, sometimes with 1 slender lateral tooth. Stamens and styles prominently exserted (2–3 mm); filaments glabrous. Capsule ovoid, 5–8 mm, shorter than persistent calyx. Seeds dark brown to black, globose-reniform, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Jul–Aug, fr. Sep–Oct. • Brushy grasslands; (1200–)1500–3200 m. Guizhou, Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan. Silene viscidula is a complex that could be split into about three species differing, for example, in indumentum, inflorescence structure, size of calyx and petals, and degree of exsertion of petals. One form has a thyrse (including the types of Silene bodinieri, S. dumicola, and S. mairei) and multicellular, often glandular hairs together with recurved, short, unicellular, eglandular hairs; another form has terminal dichasia and multicellular, often glandular hairs only. The latter form also has smaller flowers (calyx 7–8 mm) and less exserted petal claws (by 2–3 mm). This applies also to the type of S. viscidula at P. Another species in the vicinity of this complex is S. phoenicodonta, which is distinguished by its small flowers and fringed petal auricles. The roots are used medicinally.


Comment: Silene viscidula is a complex that could be split into about three species differing, for example, in indumentum, inflorescence structure, size of calyx and petals, and degree of exsertion of petals. One form has a thyrse (including the types of Silene bodinieri, S. dumicola, and S. mairei) and multicellular, often glandular hairs together with recurved, short, unicellular, eglandular hairs; another form has terminal dichasia and multicellular, often glandular hairs only. The latter form also has smaller flowers (calyx 7–8 mm) and less exserted petal claws (by 2–3 mm). This applies also to the type of S. viscidula at P. Another species in the vicinity of this complex is S. phoenicodonta, which is distinguished by its small flowers and fringed petal auricles.

Superordinate taxon: Silene sect. Cucubaloideae Edgeworth & J.D. Hooker (ID: 818)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered

Sequences

No Sequences registered

9 specimen(s):


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